EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: SALT-ED Trial

Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Noncritically Ill Adults WH Self et al. New England Journal of Medicine, March 2018. [paper] Why I chose this article This article is another flashpoint in the long debate – typically between internists and surgeons – regarding the use of normal saline versus balanced crystalloids for resuscitation. I remember being

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: ED Efficiency

Key High-Efficiency Practices of Emergency Department Providers: a Mixed-Methods Study. Morgan R. Bobb et al. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Dec 2017. [paper] Why I chose this study Efficiency matters, and not just for the physician. Efficiency has a profound impact on patient care and patient outcomes. We all have heard of (or perhaps have

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: Hypothermia for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Association Between Therapeutic Hypothermia and Survival After In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Chan, Paul  et al. JAMA. Oct 2016. [paper] Why I chose this study I recently rotated through the ICU and experienced multiple in-hospital cardiac arrests. There is research that suggests therapeutic hypothermia improves outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We were cooling patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: Preoxygenation with Flush Rate O2

Preoxygenation With Flush Rate Oxygen: Comparing the Nonrebreather Mask With the Bag-Valve Mask Driver, Brian E et al. Annals of Emergency Medicine, March 2018. [paper] Why I chose this study While preoxygenating during rapid sequence intubation for spontaneously breathing patients, I’ve typically used bag valve mask (BVM) and nonrebreather mask (NRB) interchangeably. This is mainly based

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: Coronary CTA vs Stress Testing

Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography vs Functional Stress Testing for Patients with Suspected Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Foy, Andrew J, et al.  JAMA Internal Medicine 2017. [paper] Why I chose this study Everything is still new and shiny as an intern, even acute chest pain. If the story is good and the

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: HOPPE Score for Low-Risk Pulmonary Embolism

Derivation and Validation of a Novel Prediction Model to Identify Low-Risk Patients With Acute Pulmonary Embolism Subramanian, M. et al. The American Journal of Cardiology 2017. [paper] Why I chose this study The topic of discharging patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) came up in conversation recently. I started asking fellow residents if they have ever

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: Impella for Refractory Cardiac Arrest

The Impella CP Device for Acute Mechanical Circulatory Support in Refractory Cardiac Arrest Vase H, Christensen S, Christiansen A, et al. Resuscitation 2017. [paper] Why I chose this study While perusing LITFL R&R I stumbled on this interesting study. As we have started seeing with increased use of ECMO and the development of tools such as

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: YEARS Clinical Decision Tool for PE

Simplified Diagnostic Management of Suspected Pulmonary Embolism (the YEARS study): a Prospective, Multicentre, Cohort Study. van der Hulle, Tom, et al. The Lancet 2017 . [paper] Why I chose this study Determining if a patient has a pulmonary embolism (PE) is a routine occurrence in the emergency department (ED) and on the medicine inpatient service. I

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: Risk of AKI after IV Contrast

Risk of Acute Kidney Injury After Intravenous Contrast Media Administration Hinson, et al.  Annals of Emergency Medicine 2017. [paper] Why I chose this study On almost a daily basis, whether on Emergency or Internal Medicine, we all face a difficult question: “can this patient tolerate IV contrast administration for CT scan?” We are often guided

EM/IM Sessions

EM/IM Sessions: Acute MI After Influenza

Acute Myocardial Infarction after Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Infection Kwong, JC et al. NEJM 2018. [paper] Why I chose this article In IM and EM, we are on the front lines of acute epidemics.  This year’s flu season has been a bad one and we are seeing a lot of generic flu but also complications and deaths