We continue the series with Knowledge Bomb #16. The purpose and motivation for this series is outlined in the first entry and extensively in an ALiEM IDEA series blog entry. Background Simple febrile seizures are common in the pediatric population, ages 6 months to 5 years. However, complex febrile seizures are more rare, affecting less than 1% of children.
We Have No Beds: Ventilator Series Assist Control So now that we have discussed how to read a ventilator screen, let’s discuss our first mode of ventilation… Assist Control (AC) This mode has the ability to completely control the patients ventilatory status. With this mode you set the rate, the means by which tidal volume is
Risk of Acute Kidney Injury After Intravenous Contrast Media Administration Hinson, et al. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2017. [paper] Why I chose this study On almost a daily basis, whether on Emergency or Internal Medicine, we all face a difficult question: “can this patient tolerate IV contrast administration for CT scan?” We are often guided
Sedation Vacations in the Intensive Care Unit Sorry, pure EM folk, this topic primarily applies to the unit. For most of us, the idea of a “daily sedation vacation” is probably a familiar and standard practice in the intensive care unit (ICU). Generally defined, a sedation vacation is when sedatives are discontinued for a period
Acute Myocardial Infarction after Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Infection Kwong, JC et al. NEJM 2018. [paper] Why I chose this article In IM and EM, we are on the front lines of acute epidemics. This year’s flu season has been a bad one and we are seeing a lot of generic flu but also complications and deaths
We are seeing more patients who identify and/or express their gender as something other than the sex on their birth certificate. Medical training is woefully behind at preparing us for treating these patients with dignity and respect. Even with the best intentions many medical students and residents fumble through obtaining a basic history and physical